There are millions of kilometers of onshore and offshore pipelines spread across the world. With the expansion and addition of new staff, there is an increasing need for full appreciation of the engineering design of these pipeline systems. A long with this is a growing need for expanded training, to supply qualified personnel, and hence opportunity for pipeline technicians, technologists and engineers in onshore and offshore installations. Also, many personnel involved in pipeline operations do not receive even basic pipeline engineering training, while some are exposed only to specialized areas. This is where the requirement for a program such as this fits in, with its stated objective of equipping the participant with the core skills in pipeline engineering that will help enhance his/her career, and benefit the organization.

This course examines pipeline design, construction and routing through to pipeline economics and advanced practices in asset management. No matter whether you are a new mechanical or pipeline technician/technologist/engineer or a practicing operations and facilities engineer, you will find this course extremely beneficial. You will gain an in-depth understanding of the applicable standards and specifications related to pipeline design, operation and maintenance, as also grasp the engineering principles involving liquid and gas flow and their importance in relation to pipeline design. The use of key performance indicators will be derived to measure the performance of your valuable asset, the pipeline.

With its relevance to both onshore and offshore pipelines, the program equips you with a multidisciplinary understanding of pipelines and enables you to understand the full cycle of pipeline engineering.


  • Key principles and techniques in pipeline design, construction, installation, operation and maintenance
  • Pipeline specifications and standards
  • Key requirements that define pipeline routing
  • Fluid properties and processes and their importance to pipeline design and construction
  • Similarities and differences in onshore and offshore pipelines
  • Competencies in assessing pipeline failures and preventing damage
  • Safety and environmental regulations in pipeline design
  • Key performance indicators to monitor and assess pipeline performance

Course Outline

MODULE 1: Introduction and Overview

  • Pipeline basics and factors influencing pipeline design
  • Pipeline route selection
  • Codes and standards affecting pipeline design, construction, operation and maintenance
  • Pipeline design principles - hydraulics, mechanical design, materials of construction
  • Pipeline construction fundamentals
  • Pipeline protection and maintenance
  • Pipeline economics
  • Physical quantities and units used in pipeline design

MODULE 2: Pipeline Design, Operation and Maintenance Standards

  • Codes and specifications
  • Codes and standards governing the design, operation and maintenance of pipeline
  • Common features of pipeline codes and standards
  • Symbols and units used in pipeline design standards
  • Abbreviation used in pipeline design standards
  • Information typically contained in piping specifications
  • Guidelines for pipeline operation and maintenance

MODULE 3: Pipeline Routing

  • Introduction to pipeline routing
  • Factors influencing pipeline routing
  • Pipeline routing “rules of thumb”
  • Tools and data used in pipeline routing
  • Consideration of alternate routes

MODULE 4: Liquid and Gas Flow

  • Liquid and gas flow fundamentals
  • Basic hydrodynamics
  • Multiphase flow
  • Coping with fluctuations in pipeline operating conditions
  • Optimization of line size, pressure drop and location of pumping stations
  • Hydrate formation/prevention
  • Wax formation/protection
  • Design optimization of gas pipelines

MODULE 5: General Pipeline Design Considerations

  • Forces and stresses in pipelines
  • Criteria for mechanical design including code criteria
  • Specified minimum yield strength of pipeline materials
  • Mechanical design equations: calculations of Maximum Allowable Pressure (MAP) and minimum required wall thickness of pipelines
  • Sustained loads in pipelines and stresses due to thermal expansion/contraction
  • Estimating the maximum span of unsupported pipe
  • Offshore spanning, spanning control and spanning correction
  • Design of pipeline riser for offshore pipelines
  • Pipeline shore approaches

MODULE 6: Pipeline Materials

  • Common pipeline materials
  • Metallurgy and manufacture of low-alloy carbonmanganese steel pipes
  • Effect of treatment of pipeline steels
  • Flexible and composite pipelines
  • High pressure and high temperature pipelines

MODULE 7: Onshore Pipeline Construction

  • Sequence of construction activities
  • Construction equipment
  • Preparing of the Right of Way (ROW) for the pipeline
  • Stringing the pipeline
  • Bending
  • Welding and post-weld qualification
  • Lowering
  • Tie-in and assembly
  • Testing and inspection
  • Back filling of trench
  • Construction techniques used in water crossing
  • Commissioning the pipeline

MODULE 8: Offshore Pipeline Construction

  • Construction methods (lay barges, reel barges, pull and tow)
  • Pipeline trenching methods
  • Pipeline bundles
  • Pipe in pipe method
  • Flexible pipelines and umbilical
  • Cross country and offshore system welding

MODULE 9: Pipeline Installation

  • Pipeline installation methods
  • Pipeline bending stress control
  • Pipeline on-bottom stability control
  • S-lay, J-lay, deep water installation
  • Allowable installation stresses/fatigue
  • Burial methods and depths

MODULE 10: Pipeline Commissioning, Operation, Maintenance and Failures

  • Pipeline pressure testing and pre-commissioning
  • Flow assurance
  • Pigging operations
  • Pipeline integrity management
  • Pipeline monitoring and inspection
  • Leak detection and emergency planning
  • Defect assessment
  • Intervention, repair and modification
  • Failure modes
  • Risks, reliability, and safety
  • Environmental and regulatory requirements

MODULE 11: Pipeline Protection

  • Possible causes and consequences of pipeline damage
  • Prevention of pipeline damage
  • Corrosion fundamentals
  • Characteristics and properties of pipeline coatings
  • Cathodic protection
  • Internal corrosion
  • Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)
  • Pipeline integrity programs
  • Thermal coating and pipeline insulation
  • Weight coating for stability on seabed

MODULE 12: Pipeline Economics and Asset Management

  • Introduction to pipeline economics
  • Terminology used in pipeline economics
  • Pipeline performance: Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for monitoring and assessing pipeline performance

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